Module 17.1 LOS 17.b: Capital Requirements of Financial Institutions

Financial institutions must meet the Basel III minimum standards for capital levels, liquidity and stable funding. The Basel III standards are overseen by the Bank of International settlements.

  • The minimum required capital for a bank is based on the risk of the bank’s assets. Assets are risk weighted, the riskier a bank’s assets are, the higher its required capital.
  • Banks should hold enough liquid assets to meet demands under a 30-day liquidity stress scenario.
  • Banks must have stable funding relative to a bank’s liquidity needs over a one-year time horizon. Stable funding is determined by the timeline of  bank’s deposits; longer-term deposits are more stable than shorter-term deposits. Stability also depends on the type of deposit (e.g., consumer deposits are more stable than interbank market funds).

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